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State Institutions from the Republic of Moldova

24 June, 2017

Universal Postal Service

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Art. 21 of Law No.36/2016 provides that every natural or legal person has the right to use postal services within the scope of universal postal service. The universal postal service means the permanent provision of a set of postal services of a specified quality in all areas of the country at affordable prices for all users. The access of any natural or legal person to the universal postal service is guaranteed throughout the country under non-discriminatory conditions.

Law no.36/2016 establishes the set of services within the scope of universal postal service, the manner of its financing, the requirements and conditions to be ensured by the universal postal service provider in order to provide these services.

The following services are included in the scope of universal postal service:
a) clearance, sorting, transport and distribution of domestic and international postal items up to 2 kg;
b) clearance, sorting, transport and distribution of domestic and international packages up to 10 kg;
c) distribution of packages up to 20 kg, sent from outside Moldova to an address on the territory of Moldova;
d) domestic and international registered mail service;
e) domestic and international insured mail service;
f) clearance, sorting, transport and distribution of domestic and international cecograms up to 7 kg.

By Law No.36/2016, SE “Posta Moldovei” was designated as the universal postal service provider, under the obligation to ensure the conditions prescribed by the law for the provision of postal services within the scope of universal postal service. Also, SE "Posta Moldovei" was designated as the official operator in Moldova for providing postal services according to international treaties to which Moldova is a party and under Law No.36 / 2016.

The financing of the universal postal service provided by SE "Posta Moldovei" is carried out by granting to this provider the exclusive rights to provide reserved postal services. By Art. 28 of Law No.36/2016, universal postal service provider has the reserved right to provide postal services covering domestic and international items of correspondence up to 350 g. According to the same article, other providers are entitled to provide reserved postal services provided that their tariffs for these services are 5 times higher than the tariffs set by the universal service provider for postal items of correspondence in the first weight category.

Law No.36/2016 states that the mechanism of financing the net cost of postal services within the scope of the universal postal service is based on the following general principles of operation:
• defining the category of postal items for reserved postal services,
• establishing the weight category for the postal items covered by reserved postal services,
• ensuring the applicable tariffs for reserved services.

This mechanism aims at mitigating the impact of potential financial losses registered by SE „Posta Moldovei” as the universal postal service provider designated by Law no. 36/2016. The mechanism of financing the net cost of postal services within the scope of the universal postal service was developed by ANRCETI and approved, according to Law No.36/2016, by the Government. The document is accessible here.

The mechanism sets forth the calculation method and the procedure of compensating the net cost of postal services within the scope of universal postal service. The calculations will be performed by SE „Posta Moldovei” according to the methodology for production costs allocation per reserved and non-reserved postal services. The Methodology was approved by ANRCETI Administrative Board Decision no. 24 of 20.09.2016.

Changed: 22/11/2016